How to use SQLXML to retrieve data from SQL server database?

Written By: Balaji B

Using SQL Server 2000 and above versions you can retrieve data from SQL Server in XML format directly from the database. Many XML related features were incorporated in the SQL Server database. This enables the development of XML enabled applications very easy and it makes exchange of data over internet easy. In this article we will discuss about how to use SQLXML to retrieve data directly from SQL server database in XML format.

There are some SQL commands and clauses that help you to retrieve data from the SQL Server in the XML format. Syntax for such is given below:


There are different modes and that take the values of

AUTO In this mode every row of the result of the query forms an element in the returned XML document.
EXPLICIT This mode defines how to map the columns of the results returned by the query to the XML elements and the attributes.
RAW – All the fields of the result are identified as attributes of an element.
NESTED The result of this mode is the same as the AUTO mode but the formatting has to be done at the client side.

A simple example of using the above syntax is given below:

FROM (SELECT FirstName+’ ‘+LastName as Name FROM Employees)

The query produces this result:

There are optional parameters in the FOR XML mode clause. The XMLDATA option adds an XSD schema which describes the XML format of the result returned. The ELEMENTS options make the fields of the tables in the database to be returned as child elements. If the ELEMENTS option is not there the fields of the tables are returned as attributes instead of child elements of the XML document. The ELEMENTS option is allowed only in the AUTO mode. The BINARY BASE64 option is used to retrieve any binary data. The returned binary data is returned in BASE64 encoded format. The binary data can be retrieved in the RAW or EXPLICIT mode.

An example of the RAW mode is given below:

SELECT EmpName, EmpCity from EMP for XML RAW

The above code returns a result like,

In the above result you can note that the fields of the resultset are returned as attributes of the element.

.Net provides with managed classes for interacting with SQL Server. The managed classes of SQLXML provided by .Net are:

SqlXmlCommand This is used to perform queries that are stored in XML documents which are also called XML templates. This class also provides support for client side XML processing.
SqlXmlParameter this is used to provide parameterized values and is used along with SqlXmlCommand object.
SqlXmlAdapter this is the adapter class for SQLXML provider. This is used to fill the dataset.
SqlXmlException this is used to trap the error information from the SQL Server.

A sample code using the managed classes is given below. For detailed information on the usage of the above managed classes you can refer to the MSDN documentation.

static string cstr = “Provider=SQLOLEDB;Server=(local);database=EmpPersonal;”;
public static void testingSqlXml ()
Stream oStr = Console.OpenStandardOutput();
SqlXmlCommand sqlcmd = new SqlXmlCommand(cstr);
sqlcmd.Root = “Employees”;
sqlcmd.CommandType = SqlXmlCommandType.Sql;
sqlcmd.CommandText = “SELECT EmpName, EmpCity FROM Employees FOR XML AUTO”;
strm = sqlcmd.ExecuteToStream(oStr);

Thus we have seen that SQLXML can be used to retrieve data directly from the SQL Server in XML format. It is easy to handle and transmit data through the internet if it is in the XML format and this can be easily achieved using the SQLXML. Want to stay current with the latest technology developments realted to XML. Visit Free XML Training to get your FREE subscription now! ** Attention Webmasters / Website Owners ** You can reprint this article on your website as long as you do not modify any of the content, and include our resource box as listed above with all links intact and hyperlinked properly.

Previous post:

Next post: